Type Function
Library math.*
Return value Number
Revision Release 2023.3686
Keywords random, random number
See also math.randomseed()


Returns a pseudo-random number from a sequence with uniform distribution.

This function is an interface to the simple pseudo-random generator function rand provided by ANSI C. No guarantees can be given for its statistical properties.

There are three usage options for this function:

  1. When called without arguments, returns a uniform pseudo-random real number in the range [0,1].
  2. When called with an integer number m, math.random returns a uniform pseudo-random integer in the range [1,m].
  3. When called with two integer numbers m and n, math.random returns a uniform pseudo-random integer in the range [m,n].

The random number generator needs to be started with a seed using math.randomseed() before this function is called or else it will generate the same sequence every time. While this is useful for testing, it is more usual to get a different random sequence each run by using a different seed (such as the current time).



math.random( m )

math.random( m, n )
m (optional)

Number. A number.

n (optional)

Number. A number.


print(math.random())        --> a number between 0 and 1
print(math.random())        --> another number between 0 and 1
print(math.random(10))      --> an integer between 1 and 10 (inclusive)
print(math.random(70, 80))  --> an integer between 70 and 80 (inclusive)